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Rolls-Royce Merlin XX

1940, Stratosphere Chamber, On long term display

This example of a Merlin XX was acquired by Brooklands Museum from LOC International in St Petersburg, Russia in late 1997 within the substantial remains of Hawker Hurricane IIA, Z2389, which can now be seen under restoration in the Wellington Hangar.

Hurricane Z2389 was shipped to Murmansk in Northern Russia in Spring 1942. Used by the Red Air Force, it was shot down over the Kola Penninsula in May 1942: its remains were only discovered in the early 1990s and recovered for preservation in 1996.

The Merlin XX was used to power Hurricane MkII and Beaufighter MkII fighters, Halifax MkII and Lancaster MkI bombers, and the Spitfire MkIII prototypes (N3297 & W3237).


Type: Upright 60˚ liquid-cooled V-12

Cylinders: 12

Power: 1,280bhp (954 kW)

Size: 1,637 in3 (27 L)

Bore: 5.4 in (137 mm)

Stroke: 6 in (152 mm)