Hawker Hurricane Mk.IIA
First flown at Brooklands in 1935, the Hurricane fighter is estimated to have been responsible for 80% of the enemy aircraft shot down in the Battle of Britain.
This example was built in 1940 by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. at Kingston-on-Thames, then assembled and test flown at either Brooklands or Langley, it came from the 5th production batch of 1,000 RAF Hurricanes delivered from August 1940 to July 1941.
Z2389 served with five different RAF Squadrons in 1941, including the American volunteer 71 ‘Eagle’ Squadron at Martlesham Heath. As part of emergency war supplies for Russia, Z2389 was crated up and loaded onto the merchant ship SS ‘S85’ which joined Convoy PQ16. The convoy left for Murmansk on 21st May 1942. With 35 vessels, this was the largest Russian convoy so far – losing seven cargo ships en-route.
This aircraft then joined 767 Regiment of the Red Air Force on the Kola Peninsula. On the 20th June 1942, it engaged two Messerschmitt Bf109Fs and five Bf110s over a remote part of Murmansk but was shot down along with two other Hurricanes. Z2389’s pilot F/Lt Ivan Kalashnikov survived the forced landing.
Fifty years later, Z2389 was found by Russian historians and its remains were taken to St Petersburg in 1996, in 1997, the part-restored aircraft was first seen by WW2 recovery specialist, Jim Pearce, then inspected by Brooklands Museum. Z2389 arrived at Brooklands on the 14th October 1997 and was the first historic aircraft to be purchased with a Heritage Lottery Fund grant.
The Hurricane volunteer restoration team assembled in 1999 and worked up until 2019 to complete the restoration of Z2389. As well as the work itself, the team, alongside Museum staff, have sourced materials, spares and raised money. It took the team 60,000 dedicated man-hours to rebuild the steel and wooden structure, stitch the fabric on the fuselage, paint the wings, restore the cockpit and plot’s seat to bring this iconic British aircraft to its present form.
- Engine: One 1,280 hp Rolls-Royce Merlin
- Weight: 5,150lbs (empty)
- Max. Speed: 328mph
- Range: 470 miles
- Ceiling: 36,000ft
- Armament: twelve 0.303 in. Browning machine-guns